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Selling property in Cyprus

Selling property is not without complexities, but it can be made easier with planning and working with the right people.
This guide has all the information you need to arrange your affairs as smoothly as possible.

Chris Michael
Chris Michael
Updated: April 19, 2023
Table of contents
  • Professionals you need
    • The real estate agent
    • The lawyer
  • The legal documents: the reservation agreement and the contract of sale
    • The reservation agreement
    • The contract of sale
  • Taxes that need to be paid
    • Immovable property transfer levy
    • Completion of the form N. 313
    • Communal fees
    • A parenthesis for the buyer
    • Capital Gains Tax
  • After signing and payment: transfer at the Land Registry
    • The title deeds
  • Step-by-step process
  • Is it a good time to sell
  • A note on preparing your home for viewing

Professionals you need

The professionals you need to sell your property are a real estate agent and a lawyer. You might also wish to find a qualified valuer who will advise on the asking price for the property.

The real estate agent

Antonis Michael
The real estate agent in Cyprus must be duly registered in the Republic of Cyprus. It is also better if they have a good record of selling property.
It is recommended that you contact a real estate agent. You do not have to have a real estate agent to find a buyer for your property. Real estate agents, however, know the market and will help with advertising, marketing, and meeting potential buyers. Real estate agents in Cyprus are all English-speaking and know about the island as a whole.

What are the real estate agent's rights and duties under the law?

The real estate agent in Cyprus has rights and duties given to them by the law.
The real estate agent:
  • Must be registered with the Real Estate Agents Council in Nicosia and have an annual license.
  • On their office façade must have the name of the office, the words “licensed real estate agent”, and their registration number. The certificate of registration and the annual license must be shown inside the office somewhere easy to see.
  • Must notify the buyer of the physical condition of the property and any pending charges on it that the real estate agent knows of. The duty is the same even if the real estate agent acts for the seller.
  • The real estate agent can give an opinion about the property's value.
  • Is entitled to payment. The seller must pay the real estate agent’s commission if the property is sold.
  • Must notify the buyer if they have an interest in the land. The notification must be in writing.
  • Can be a company (a “legal person”).
  • Must act honestly and honor the standards of the profession.
Relevant law: The Real Estate Agents Law No. 273(I) of 2004 and its amendment No. 118(I) of 2007.

The lawyer

Marios Konstantinou
When selling your property, the lawyer is there to promote your interests and protect your rights. They will also explain the documents you may be asked to sign.
There are many questions the lawyer can answer. They will discuss the relevant law, process and taxes. The lawyer also makes sure that everything is done according to the law. They will help you understand the contract and avoid problematic obligations. If the agreement goes wrong, the lawyer will ensure your rights are protected.
Do I need a lawyer? Is it not better to sell my property “DIY” (by myself)?
It is not, strictly speaking, necessary to have legal counsel when selling property.
Yet, there are complications in any process of selling. Negotiating the terms and writing a good contract can be difficult. Filing the correct documents requires expertise. So, it is highly recommended that you use the services of a lawyer or law firm.
Due diligence?
Because of personal data protection, there is not much your lawyer or yourself can do to check the economic strength of the buyer. If the buyer is a company, the lawyer can perform a search at the Registrar of Companies to verify that the company is not bankrupt.
Due diligence and AML (Anti-Money Laundering)
The transaction may look suspicious to your lawyer. For example, the buyer will pay with a large amount in cash but cannot very well explain the source of the wealth. The lawyer will then have to report to MOKAS (the Unit for Combating Money Laundering in Cyprus). MOKAS will investigate the situation.
Relevant law: the Prevention and Suppression of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Laws of 2007-2021.
See government guidance at Guidance Notes on Suspicious Transactions/Activities (PDF)
Power of attorney
A power of attorney is a way to avoid getting involved in the selling process. When you are too busy, or living abroad, an option is to give your lawyer power of attorney to carry out the whole transaction.
If you do a power of attorney in Cyprus, you must appear at a certifying officer (with ID documents). Then you will stamp the power of attorney with the certifying officer.
If you sign a power of attorney abroad, you must have it duly signed, notarised and apostilled.
Notarised means first signed by a notary public, then verifying the signature and stamp at the nearest Cyprus embassy or consulate. Some rules may vary depending on the legislation in your country. The Cyprus embassy or consulate will say if this is the case and explain what to do.

Taxes that need to be paid

The taxes that are paid when selling property in Cyprus are listed below.

Immovable property transfer levy

The immovable property transfer levy in Cyprus is a tax introduced on 22 February 2021 and is payable in property transfers. The relevant law is N 12(I) 2021. Under this law, the seller must pay 0,4% of the amount they received for the property to the Central Agency for Equal Distribution of Burdens (CAEDB). The money collected by the CAEDB is used to aid the Cyprus refugees.

Completion of the form N. 313

The seller will have to file this form at the district office of the Land Registry, with receipts that they have paid:
  • The Immovable Property Tax to the Inland Revenue.
  • Capital gains tax to the Inland Revenue.
  • Sewerage board tax to the sewerage board.
  • Town rate to the municipality.
  • Communal rate to the local community.
  • Source:

Communal fees

Communal fees in Cyprus are payable if you sell an apartment or other residential property with communal fees. You will pay the management committee of the block or the property management company responsible and get a declaration that you have no outstanding charges. You will give this declaration to the buyer.

A parenthesis for the buyer

Transfer fees and VAT are payable by the buyer. A reduced VAT of 5% is payable for first-time buyers of property for the first 200 sq m; all other buyers pay the average rate of 19%. No transfer fees are charged if VAT has been paid.

Capital Gains Tax

According to Home Owners Alliance (, “capital gains tax is payable when you sell an asset [such as a house] that has increased in value since you bought it”. That is, when the property is worth more than its “initial acquisition cost”.

Capital Gains Tax in Cyprus

Capital gains tax in Cyprus works as follows:
  • A gain (profit) of EUR 17,469 (10,000 Cyprus pounds in the original text) after selling the property is not taxed. For agricultural land, the amount not taxed is EUR 26,203 (15,000 Cyprus pounds in the original text).
  • A gain above this is taxed at 20%.
  • There is no capital gains tax for selling the house in which you live unless the gain is more than EUR 87,345 (50,000 Cyprus pounds in the original text). Then you pay capital gains tax for the amount after the EUR 87,345 is taken out. The property must not be more than 1,5 hectares in size.
Relevant law: Capital Gains Tax Law 1980 (52/1980); latest amendment N. 197(I)/2022.

Tax for selling as a business

When selling property as a business, you will not pay capital gains tax but income tax. The standard income tax for companies in Cyprus is 12.5%.

After signing and payment: transfer at the Land Registry

Then, buyer and seller (or their lawyers) go to the district office of the Land Registry for the transfer. They have to go in person, with ID documents (ID cards or other documents proving ID).
There, the buyer and seller will deposit the contract of sale together with the following forms:
  1. N. 270, a declaration of transfer of immovable property, and,
  2. N. 313, certifying that all taxes have been paid (see above).
Then the land registry transfers the property and issues the title deeds in the buyer's name.

The title deeds

Home in Cyprus
The title deed for land in Cyprus is proof of ownership. It protects the holder concerning the land. After the transfer, the buyer will get a new title deed in their name.
It is possible to sell property without title deeds. The property may be mortgaged or still under construction (Note that if there is a mortgage on the property, the buyer will ask for proof that you can repay).
However, if you sell without title deeds, the buyer may ask for an assignment agreement. With this, the rights to the property go to the buyer. You will need to pay all pending taxes and community charges that have to do with the property. The assignment agreement needs to be stamped and deposited at the district office of the Land Registry.

How the assignment agreement works

If you sign, stamp and deposit an assignment agreement, the title deeds will be issued directly to the buyer. When there is both a contract of sale and an assignment agreement, the title deeds will be issued in your name, and then you will have to transfer the title to the buyer. It is, therefore, more practical to use an assignment agreement.

Delay in transferring the title deeds

If you delay transferring the title deeds for any reason, the buyer can apply for a court order of specific performance. Under this order, you must transfer the property to the buyer.
If the delay is because the property is mortgaged, the buyer can pay the mortgage themselves. Then the buyer will apply to the court for an order of specific performance asking you to transfer the property.
Note that the buyer can go ahead and get the court order of specific performance only if they register the contract of sale at the land office within 6 months (Article 6).
Relevant law: Sale of Land (Specific Performance) Law No. 81 (I) /2011.
Step-by-step process
Valuation of the property (decide the price)
Find a good real estate agent
Find a good lawyer (most lawyers in Cyprus are English-speaking)
The agent will advertize the property
You will receive offers
Reservation agreement (if applicable)
Contract of sale
Transfer of the property

Is it a good time to sell?

According to the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), land value is rising in Cyprus for the last trimester of 2022 (latest available data). This is especially so for holiday apartments, followed closely by residential apartments.. Demand seems to be on the rise as well. So, in sum, this might be a good time to sell. Keep in mind that a lot depends on the marketability of the property (location, condition, particulars, and so on).
For advice to fit your personal case and needs, seek the opinion of a realtor, surveyor or financial advisor. This guide is for information and does not give personal financial advice.

A note on preparing your home for viewing

To prepare the house for viewing, keep a few basic things in mind.
For advice to fit your personal case and needs, seek the opinion of a realtor, surveyor or financial advisor. This guide is for information and does not give personal financial advice.
  • First impressions are essential – they can “make or break” a sale.
  • If you have left the house already, or are selling as a business, paint the whole in a neutral colour to make it look inviting.
  • The property must be well-maintained, clean and in good condition.
  • The utilities must be functioning.
  • The kitchen is essential, so declutter and do all necessary repairs.
  • The bathroom must look polished and bright.
  • The bedroom must look comfortable and fresh; it is a space to relax.
  • Light dark areas.
  • The garage must be uncluttered. If you are using it as storage space, it must be tidy.
  • Eliminate noise.
  • Get rid of odors and smells.
  • If at home during the viewing, stay with the children and pets somewhere else so that the viewer can look at the place by themselves.
To make the rooms look large and the space show off, declutter, and remove bulky furniture. Some experts say that all personal items must be removed, too, so the viewer does not feel like an intruder. Others recommend leaving some personal touch so that the viewer gets into the “lifestyle” atmosphere of the place. A bit of balanced advice must be “don’t overdo it”. Make the space look airy and light, and do not leave all your personal belongings hanging around.
Finally: the real estate agent will advise on how to show off the property, what to say, and so on. By law, you do not have to reveal or talk about everything. However, answer all questions truthfully. Also, don’t try to hide problems by placing, for example, furniture in front of a damaged wall or in front of mold. Hiding problems might mean trouble (it is called “misrepresentation”, false statement, or hiding the truth).